On Wednesday, June 29, 1,000 acres of ancestral homeland in the Tully Valley in Central New York was returned to the Onondaga Nation.

The land return–one of the largest transfers from a state to an Indigenous nation—was part of a 2018 Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration settlement. The settlement is an agreement between the Dept. of the Interior’s trustees U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, and the landowner, Honeywell International Inc., to transfer the land title back to the tribe. 

In 2005, the Onondaga Nation filed a federal lawsuit against the State of New York for taking 2.5 million acres of their homeland in violation of federal law and treaties between 1788 and 1822. The case was dismissed in 2010, and the Nation then brought the case to the International Court of Justice at the United Nations in 2014. 

Never miss Indian Country’s biggest stories and breaking news. Sign up to get our reporting sent straight to your inbox every weekday morning. 

Onondaga Nation Chief Tadodaho Sidney Hill said in a statement that the Onondaga Nation welcomes the land transfer “with great joy.”

“The Nation can now renew its stewardship obligations to restore these lands and waters and to preserve them for the future generations yet to come,” Hill said. “The Nation hopes that this cooperative, government-to-government effort will be another step in healing between themselves and all others who live in this region, which has been the homeland of the Onondaga Nation since the dawn of time.”

A central part of this week’s land back is Onondaga Lake, a sacred place for the Onondaga and the Haudenosaunee. Industrial pollution beginning in the 1800s destroyed many plant and wildlife species in the lake. The state banned swimming in 1940 and fishing in 1970 (though fishing reopened by 1986 after some cleanup efforts), according to the state Department of Conservation. Honeywell, which merged with the company responsible for much of the pollution, has played an “instrumental role in the remediation efforts.”

Honeywell International is required by the settlement to implement 18 restoration projects, and pay more than $5 million for the trustees’ implementation of additional restoration projects in and around the Onondaga Lake Watershed, the Interior Department said.

A New York State Department of Environmental Conservation easement on the property will prohibit commercial development, provide for the protection and restoration of natural areas, including fish and wildlife habitat, in accordance with traditional ecological knowledge, and allow for outdoor recreational and educational uses. 

“It’s a great day for locally led conservation and for the Onondaga people who have inhabited the area for centuries,” Secretary of the Interior Deb Haaland wrote on Instagram. “As the original stewards of the land, the Onondaga Nation will use Indigenous knowledge to manage the area’s wildlife and habitat.”

More Stories Like This

Sicangu Lakota Treaty Council Attending White House Summit on Building Climate Resilient Communities
'We want the fences to come down' | $5M for Buffalo Restoration Focuses on Wrong Area, Advocacy Group Says
Over 60 Tribes Support Michigan Attorney General's Lawsuit to Close Enbridge's Line 5
Three California Tribal Nations Declare First U.S. Indigenous Marine Stewardship Area
“No Green Colonialism: Land Back NOW!” Mural in NYC's Times Square Demands Real Solutions

Stand with us in championing Indigenous journalism that makes a difference. Your support matters.

Support our Indigenous-led newsroom as we shed light on critical issues, such as the painful history of Indian Boarding Schools. To date, we've published nearly 200 stories dedicated to this important topic, providing insights and awareness to a global audience. Our news is freely accessible to all, but its production demands resources. That's why we're reaching out to you this month for your generous contribution.

For those who commit to a recurring donation of $12 per month or more, or make a one-time donation of $150 or greater, we're excited to offer you a copy of our upcoming Indian Boarding School publication. Additionally, you will be added to our Founder's Circle. Together, we can ensure that these vital stories continue to be told, shared, and remembered.

About The Author
Jenna Kunze
Author: Jenna KunzeEmail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Senior Reporter
Jenna Kunze is a staff reporter covering Indian health, the environment and breaking news for Native News Online. She is also the lead reporter on stories related to Indian boarding schools and repatriation. Her bylines have appeared in The Arctic Sounder, High Country News, Indian Country Today, Tribal Business News, Smithsonian Magazine, Elle and Anchorage Daily News. Kunze is based in New York.