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WASHINGTON — The National Congress of American Indians, the nation’s largest and most representative American Indian and Alaska Native organization, reacted Thursday to the unfolding saga in Oklahoma, saying it opposes the “baseless” efforts to disestablish or terminate the reservations of several tribal nations. 

 This comes after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled on July 9 that Congress never “disestablished” the 1866 reservation boundaries of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, which encompasses nearly three million acres and includes most of the city of Tulsa.

In a statement, NCAI said in part:

“NCAI’s mission is to fully protect and support the sovereignty of every tribal government across the country. As such, we will strongly oppose any and all legislation that diminishes the sovereignty, jurisdiction, or treaty rights of tribal nations that are affirmed in the United States Constitution, statutes, and judicial opinions, including in the Supreme Court’s historic McGirt decision. NCAI is aware of a legislative effort currently underway in Congress to disestablish or terminate the reservations of certain tribal nations in Oklahoma, and we will aggressively oppose this baseless action.”

On July 16, the Oklahoma Attorney General reached an agreement with five major Oklahoma tribes, known as the Five Civilized Tribes – the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole. The so-called “agreement-in-principle” detailed how criminal and civil legal matters will be handled in the state and came only a week after the Supreme Court’s decision reaffirming that a large portion of eastern Oklahoma is American Indian territory. The agreement had been criticized for undermining the court's historic ruling. 

“The historic Supreme Court decision in McGirt v. Oklahoma was pivotal for its recognition of tribal sovereignty and the perpetual sanctity of treaties with tribal nations. As the decision states, ‘The most authoritative evidence of the Creek’s relationship to the land lies… in the treaties and statutes that promised the land to the tribe in the first place.’ Pursuant to this ruling, the policy of the federal government – specifically that of the U.S. Congress – ought to be to respect the promises made to the Creek, and to all of the other tribal nations across the country, who were promised permanent homes. In the words of Justice [Neil] Gorsuch, ‘We hold the government to its word,’” NCAI President Fawn Sharp said in the statement.

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