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Guest Opinion. This week, the Annual Convention of the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) in  New Orleans, Louisiana, will hear proposed amendments to the NCAI Constitution.  

Under the current NCAI Constitution, “tribes” proven to have no Native ancestry have the same  voice and voting power as those tribes who have existed since time immemorial. The proposed  amendments would ensure only groups included on the Federally Recognized Indian Tribe List  Act would have the ability to vote in the organization. 

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Opponents of the proposed amendments have said that the federal government does not  determine who is Indian; Indians do. They are right about that. Sovereign tribes determine who  their people are. The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, the Shawnee Tribe, and countless other  federally recognized tribes are pleading with you to listen when we tell you that these groups,  like the “Piqua Shawnee,” the “Georgia Tribe of Eastern Cherokee,” and the “Texas Cherokee” are not our people. They falsely claim our culture, heritage, art, language, and traditions, but they  are not us—and current NCAI rules reward them and treat them as though they are.  

This is wrong. 

That is why inter-tribal organizations representing over 150 tribes have unanimously voted to  support these amendments, including the Coalition of Large Tribes (COLT), Great Plains Tribal  Chairman’s Association (GPTCA), Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians (ATNI), United  Indian Nations of Oklahoma (UINO), Inter-tribal Council of the Five Civilized Tribes, Association of Village Council Presidents (AVCP) in Alaska representing 56 federally  recognized tribes.  

NCAI was created to protect the sovereignty of treaty and trust tribes, and it has strayed from its  mission. NCAI’s founders could not have predicted the plague of deception and theft of our  Indian identities. A lot has changed since state groups were admitted to NCAI in 1971. There are  now hundreds of groups that falsely claim to be tribes. Some of them base their claims on state  recognition processes that have proven themselves to be inadequate to verify even minimal  claims to be a tribe.  

Sadly, the current NCAI constitution legitimatizes these groups and, in doing so, helps them  perpetrate their cultural appropriation. Fake tribes take their NCAI membership to governments,  politicians, non-profits, and news outlets. Pretending to speak as us and for us, they push for  policies that are harmful to federally recognized tribal nations. They seek ownership of our land,  ICWA rights to our children, access to our sacred items, and consultation on our sacred sites. They receive hundreds of millions of dollars in funding intended to help struggling tribal nations. These groups even seek to take custody of our ancestors’ remains. 

Even opponents to these amendments concede that fake groups holding membership in NCAI are a problem. They concede that these groups are a threat. They acknowledge that this has been a  problem for decades. Yet, they offer no real solution. Instead, the attempt to defend the  indefensible—the status quo.  

That simply is not good enough. It is time for change.  

We urge every voting member of NCAI to stand with us to uphold tribal sovereignty, protect  tribal cultures, defend tribal identities, oppose cultural appropriation, protect tribal voices, and  vote yes to these proposed amendments.

Michele Hicks, is the principal chief of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and Ben Barnes is the chief of the Shawnee Tribe.


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