In mid-November, President Joe Biden signed into law a $1.2 trillion infrastructure bill that includes at least $11 billion allocation to Native communities to improve roads, expand broadband access, and fund sanitation, water rights, and environmental reclamation projects.

According to National Congress of American Indians chairperson Aaron Payment, who provided testimony on the bill, the real figure going to Indian Country was drafted to be $15 billion, but in the final draft was closer to $14 billion towards roads and bridges, water and sewer, and broadband.

Fifteen days after the bill passed, questions remain about how and when the funding will be distributed, to which tribes, and when. 

According to the Department of the Interior spokesperson Tyler Cherry on Tuesday, the department is “already getting to work building out programs that will require new structures, such as the orphan well and hardrock mine cleanup programs.” 

Within the next two months, the Interior will stand up the orphan well clean-up program, he said.

Want more Native News? Get the free daily newsletter today.

The bill includes $30 million for states and the federal government to plug, remediate, and reclaim orphaned wells on federal land, according to a Senate Committee on Indian Affairs break down. Half of all orphaned wells in the country reside in Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Ohio and West Virginia at an estimated total of 27,525 of the 56,600 total documented wells in the country, according to supplemental research provided to Congress. But according to researcher out of West Virginia, Ted Boettner, just plugging the orphaned wells in the four most affected states would cost $45 million. 

Cherry said the department will be consulting with tribes, states and federal agencies to launch programs and allocate infrastructure monies. He said the department will share its timeline and plans with Congress and the public “as soon as possible.”

According to Payment, it’s pretty standard that details of the bill haven’t been released yet. He said that NCAI is advocating for early and swift tribal consultation, and for the money to be allocated through non-competitive grants based on formula funding.

“In the best possible world, we would do a formula funding approach for the whole thing,” Payment said. “But we're not all going to agree on what that looks like. We vary so much and so  the infrastructure needs are a big part of how those monies will be pushed out.”

As for application, Payment said he’s hoping for more of an application rather than a competitive grant cycle, where tribes would simply list their needs and be granted funding.

“The funds are needed now,” he said. “ We’ve got to get it right but we need to expedite the consultation process. Any money that we get for the tribes is not welfare, i's not reparations. It's honoring the treaty and trust responsibility. In particular, with infrastructure, we were left without land and resources. So the federal government...should make sure that we have a proportionate share of the benefit equal to our population.”

More Stories Like This

Three California Tribal Nations Declare First U.S. Indigenous Marine Stewardship Area
“No Green Colonialism: Land Back NOW!” Mural in NYC's Times Square Demands Real Solutions
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe Rejects DAPL Environmental Impact Statement
A Transgenic American Chestnut Tree is Coming. Who Is It For?
'Disaster capitalism at its finest': New Threats to Native Hawaiian Water Rights Emerge in Wake of Fires

Native News is free to read.

We hope you enjoyed the story you've just read. For the past dozen years, we’ve covered the most important news stories that are usually overlooked by other media. From the protests at Standing Rock and the rise of the American Indian Movement (AIM), to the ongoing epidemic of Murdered and Missing Indigenous People (MMIP) and the past-due reckoning related to assimilation, cultural genocide and Indian Boarding Schools.

Our news is free for everyone to read, but it is not free to produce. That’s why we’re asking you to make a donation to help support our efforts. Any contribution — big or small — helps.  Most readers donate between $10 and $25 to help us cover the costs of salaries, travel and maintaining our digital platforms. If you’re in a position to do so, we ask you to consider making a recurring donation of $12 per month to join the Founder's Circle. All donations help us remain a force for change in Indian Country and tell the stories that are so often ignored, erased or overlooked.

Donate to Native News Online today and support independent Indigenous journalism. Thank you. 

About The Author
Jenna Kunze
Author: Jenna KunzeEmail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Senior Reporter
Jenna Kunze is a staff reporter covering Indian health, the environment and breaking news for Native News Online. She is also the lead reporter on stories related to Indian boarding schools and repatriation. Her bylines have appeared in The Arctic Sounder, High Country News, Indian Country Today, Tribal Business News, Smithsonian Magazine, Elle and Anchorage Daily News. Kunze is based in New York.