(L to R) Cherokee Nation Veterans vistied nation’s capital in late September 2014: Dewey Alberty, Joseph Leathers, Guy Wilson, Steve Downing, Jr., Charles Carey, Eugene Fox & William Wood at the World War II Memorial in Washington, DC
WASHINGTON — Today is Veterans Day 2014. Many governmental offices, including some tribal, federal, state and local offices may be closed to observe this national holiday.
Veterans Day originated as “Armistice Day” on Nov. 11, 1919, the first anniversary marking the end of World War I. Congress passed a resolution in 1926 for an annual observance, and Nov. 11 became a national holiday beginning in 1938. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed legislation in 1954 to change the name to Veterans Day as a way to honor those who served in all American wars.
The day honors military veterans with parades and speeches across the nation. A national ceremony takes place at the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.
In observance of Veterans Day, the U.S. Census Bureau released the following statistics:
Number of military veterans in the United States in 2013.
Number of female veterans in the United States in 2013.
Percent of veterans in 2013 who were black. Additionally, 79.3 percent were non-Hispanic white; 1.4 percent were Asian; 0.7 percent were American Indian or Alaska Native; 0.2 percent were Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; 1.2 percent were some other race. (The numbers for blacks, non-Hispanic whites, Asians, American Indians and Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders, and some other race cover only those reporting a single race.)
Percent of veterans in 2013 who were Hispanic.
Number of veterans 65 years and older in 2013. At the other end of the age spectrum, 1.6 million were younger than 35.
When They Served
Number of Vietnam-era veterans in 2013. Moreover, there were 5.2 million who served during the Gulf War Era (representing service from August 1990 to present); 1.3 million who served in World War II; 2.1 million who served in the Korean War; and 4.7 million who served in peacetime only.
Number of living veterans in 2013 who served during the Vietnam Era and both periods of the Gulf War (August 1990 to August 2001 and September 2001 or later).
Other living veterans in 2013 who served during three wartime periods:
- 39,890 served during World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam Era.
Number of living veterans in 2013 who served during two wartime periods:
- 1,006,501 served during Gulf War (August 1990 to August 2001) and Gulf War (September 2001 or later).
- 294,251 served during Gulf War (August 1990 to August 2001) and the Vietnam Era.
- 175,676 served during the Korean War and the Vietnam Era.
- 92,670 served during World War II and the Korean War.
Where They Live
Number of states with 1 million or more veterans in 2013. These states were California (1.7 million), Texas (1.5 million) and Florida (1.5 million).
Percent of veterans 25 years and older with a bachelor’s degree or higher in 2013. In comparison, 29.9 percent of nonveterans had a bachelor’s degree or higher.
Percent of veterans 25 years and older in 2013 whose highest educational attainment was a high school diploma or equivalency in 2013, compared with 27.7 percent of the nonveteran population.
Annual median income of veterans in 2013, compared with $25,820 for the nonveteran population.
On the Job
Number of veterans 18 to 64 years old in the labor force in 2013, of those 7.1 million were employed.
Service Connected Disabilities
Number of veterans with a service-connected disability rating in 2013. Of this number, 957,504 had a rating of 70 percent or higher. A “service-connected” disability is one that was a result of a disease or injury incurred or aggravated during active military service. Severity of one’s disability is scaled from 0 to 100 percent, and eligibility for compensation depends on one’s rating.
Number of veterans who voted in the 2012 presidential election. Seventy percent of veterans cast a ballot in that election, compared with 61.8 percent of all U.S. citizens 18 years and older.
Number of veterans who voted in the 2010 congressional election. Fifty-seven percent of veterans voted in that election, compared with 45.5 percent of all U.S. citizens 18 years and older.