Published February 27, 2018
WASHINGTON – In a decision released today in Patchak v. Zinke, Secretary of the Interior,et al., the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the D.C. Circuit Court’s dismissal of a lawsuit filed against the Secretary of the Interior on the grounds that an act of Congress mandated the dismissal of the case. The case involved the Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians (Gun Lake Tribe), whose property is the Gun Lake Casino, located halfway between Grand Rapids and Kalamazoo, Michigan.
“This decision ends a decades-long struggle, and ensures the Tribe can carry on our Elders’ vision for growth and self-sufficiency. We are thankful the Supreme Court upheld the many lower court decisions in favor of the Tribe. This is a significant development for not only the Tribe, but also all of Indian Country,” said Scott Sprague, chairman of the Gun Lake Tribe.
A team from Akin Gump briefed and argued the case on behalf of the (“the Tribe”), whose property was at the center of the dispute.
In 2005, the Tribe petitioned the Secretary of the Interior to place a parcel of land in southwestern Michigan into trust for the Tribe for the purposes of building a casino. The Secretary agreed, and the Tribe opened a casino there in 2011.
A nearby landowner filed a lawsuit challenging the Secretary’s decision on statutory grounds. Following several years of litigation (including a previous trip to the Supreme Court), the district court eventually dismissed the landowner’s suit on the ground that a 2014 act passed by Congress, the Gun Lake Act, stripped the court of jurisdiction to hear the case; the D.C. Circuit upheld that decision. In today’s decision, the Supreme Court affirmed the dismissal by a 6-3 vote. A four-Justice plurality held that the Gun Lake Act did not violate Article III of the Constitution, and two Justices concurred in the judgment on the ground that the Act validly reinstated sovereign immunity from suit.
Beyond resolving an important issue of constitutional law, today’s decision brings this longrunning lawsuit to an end—thereby providing the Tribe certainty and security in its crucial land development efforts.