Cheyenne RIver Sioux Chairman Harold Frazier
Published March 3, 2018
EAGLE BUTTE, SOUTH DAKOTA — The Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe is planning activities with tribal members to attend the 150th Anniversary celebrating the signing of the Ft. Laramie Treaty of 1868. The activities include a horse ride to the historic site and speakers from the tribe.
A ceremony will be held on April 13, 2018 in Green Grass, South Dakota to begin the journey. Riders will then proceed from Green Grass, South Dakota and follow the same route the riders utilize for the Spotted Elk (a.k.a. Bigfoot) memorial ride to Pine Ridge. The group will meet with riders from other reservations and tribes in Ft. Robinson, Nebraska on April 24, 2018. The combined group of Lakota tribes will then travel to Ft. Laramie.
The Treaty of Fort Laramie was an agreement between the United States and the Lakota People signed on April 29, 1868 at Fort Laramie, guaranteeing the Lakota ownership of the Black Hills, and further land and hunting rights in South Dakota, Wyoming and Montana. The area between the Black Hills and the Bighorn Mountains was to be closed to all non-tribal members.
“It is important for the Lakota people to ride to Ft. Laramie. We need to remind the Federal Government that this is not just a “Sioux treaty”, but it is a United States treaty. That there is a moral obligation to uphold the honor of the Great Sioux Nation and there should be an obligation to uphold the honor of the United States of America. Us Lakota have done that with our actions, words and lives. Defend Unci Maka and honor the treaties,” Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe Chairman Harold C. Frazier stated.
Article 16 in the treaty specified that in addition “the country north of the North Platte River and east of the summits of the Big Horn Mountains shall be held and considered to be unceded Indian territory, […] no white person or persons shall be permitted to settle upon or occupy any portion of the same; or without the consent of the Indians first had and obtained, to pass through the same.”
While the Ft. Laramie Treaty of 1868 has been attacked by questionable legal moves it continues to be a living document between the United States of America and the Great Sioux Nation.